Posts Tagged: Grace Thomas

cows in pen

Back to Cow Basics

Taking a Fresh Look at a Farm By Grace Thomas, M.Agr.Sc. PAS When everything is going well, it is easy to become complacent. Cow basics may appear efficient, for instance. However, it is best not to wait for something to go wrong before looking at farm management practices, as an error could be very costly. […]

cows in pen

Forage Budgeting

What to do if there’s a deficit By Grace Thomas, M.Agr.Sc., P.A.S. As forage makes up over 50% of most dairy cow rations, once harvesting is finished it is a good idea to complete an inventory of all forage on the farm. This will not only determine the level of forage that is available and […]

dairy cows at water trough essential nutrient water

Water – The Often Forgotten Essential Nutrient

By Grace Thomas, M.Agr.Sc., P.A.S. Calves are born with 75-80% of their body consisting of water; as they mature water content drops to 50-60%.  Animals with higher body fat have lower body water content. Water is not only essential to sustain life; it plays numerous vital roles in the body.  Many of which influence not […]


Colostrum – The Why, When, and How to Feed

By Grace Thomas, M.Agr.Sc. P.A.S. Feeding colostrum is the single most important management factor in successful calf rearing. The antibodies present in the colostrum are transferred across the small intestine of the calf, this passive transfer provides short term protection to the calf. This gives the calf time to build its immune system and antibodies. […]