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The Advantage

Strengthening Intestinal Defense Mechanisms with a 43-cc Scoop

Strengthening Intestinal Defense Mechanisms with a 43-cc Scoop

By Drs. Pat Brown, Ph.D., and Dave Jones, Ph.D. The gastrointestinal tract (GI tract) marks the physical boundary between an animal and the contents of its intestines. This boundary allows direct contact between the immense surface area of the GI tract and the intestinal contents (digesta). The contents include a far-ranging mixture of undigested feed […]

cows eating hay iodine

The Importance of Micro Minerals: Iodine

By Dr. K. E. Lanka, Ph.D., P.A.S. What is Iodine, and Why is it Important to Cattle? Iodine (I) is one of seven generally recognized micro minerals needed in the diets of dairy cattle and other animals.  It is unique among minerals because a deficiency leads to a specific and easily recognizable thyroid gland enlargement, […]

beef and dairy cattle cobalt

Importance of Cobalt to Beef & Dairy Cattle

By Dr. Dan Schauff, Ph.D., PAS What is Cobalt, and Why is it Important? Cobalt is an essential trace mineral for ruminant animals such as dairy and beef cattle, sheep and goats. The main function of cobalt in ruminants is to be a component of vitamin B12, also known as cobalamin. Vitamin B12 is an […]

Micro-Minerals: Molybdenum

Micro-Minerals: Molybdenum

By David Donaldson, B.Agr, N.Sch, P.A.S. Molybdenum is required in small amounts in the diets of farm animals. No discussion on the requirements of Molybdenum (Mo) can be considered without also considering the Copper requirements of the animal. Early interest in Molybdenum (Mo) was less concerned with the daily requirement for Mo than the effects […]

Article regarding sulfer - image of woman w cattle

Micro-Minerals: Selenium

By Dr. Aimee Hafla, Ph.D., P.A.S. Selenium is a necessary mineral for both humans and animals and naturally occurs in varying concentrations within the soil in all parts of the world.  Available selenium in the soil is taken up by many plants, including some cereal grains and forages used for livestock feed. Selenium is an […]

The Importance of Trace Minerals: Chromium

The Importance of Trace Minerals: Chromium

By Dr. David Jones, Ph.D., P.A.S. Evidence for an essential role for chromium in humans came from patients receiving total parenteral nutrition (Anderson, R.A.  1995.  Chromium and parenteral nutrition.  Nutrition.  11:83-86). Patients developed diabetic symptoms that were alleviated by the addition of chromium.  This finding created interest in chromium as a dietary supplement. Chromium is […]

The Importance of Micro-Minerals: Manganese

The Importance of Micro-Minerals: Manganese

By Dr. James C. Coomer, Ph.D., P.A.S. What is Manganese, and Why is it important? Manganese (Mn) is an important trace mineral (required in very small quantities). It is involved in many aspects of both plant and animal life, primarily as an enzyme activator.  One of the most common deficiency symptoms is reduced growth or […]

cow macro minerals phsophorous

The Importance of Macro-Minerals: Phosphorus

By Dr. Gene P. Gengelbach, Ph.D., P.A.S. Phosphorus (P) is a macro-mineral that is necessary for proper growth and development.  However, in many areas of this country and around the world excess phosphorus in the surface water is looked on as a serious source of pollution.  Phosphorus is involved in the eutrophication of lakes and […]

Article regarding sulfer - image of woman w cattle

The Importance of Macro-Minerals: Magnesium

By Dr. Dan Schauff, Ph.D., P.A.S. Magnesium is an essential macro-mineral that is required for numerous functions in the body of all mammals including dairy and beef cattle. These functions include: Co-factor for more than 300 enzyme systems involved in carbohydrate, protein, and lipid metabolism in the body; Nerve transmission and muscle contraction, and The […]

DDGS in Livestock Feeds

DDGS in Livestock Feeds

By Dr. Pat Brown The principal end products from the fermentation of corn to ethanol at dry-mill ethanol plants are Distillers Dried Grains with Solubles (DDGS), Carbon Dioxide (CO2), and, of course, ethanol. Of these, DDGS is the product of economic interest to livestock producers. From a bushel of corn, an ethanol plant will produce […]

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